It’s mind-blowing that this perpetrated lie that decoding is the least valuable of the 3 cues in the “three cuing system”- and that they should be taught all at once (even in infant grades!) – has crippled teachers & students alike for 3 decades ….
…. and the simplistic idiocy of so-called “educators” dumping this as a ‘package’ into the infant grades of all places – with zero regard for the unnecessary, developmentally inappropriate & harmful cognititive load they place on these infants, is a disgrace.
There is a disregard for the glaringly obvious fact that infants need one skill at a time, the obvious SEQUENCE of skills is decoding first – the ability to independently identify a word (followed later by semantic & syntactic cues).
Rather than decoding being the “least helpful of the cueing system”(Andrew Johnston), it is overwhelmingly THE most important beginning for any fully literate individual. This most critical of skills has been denied to our children for three decades – perpetrated by educators who foolishly promote the “three cuing system” in infant grades.